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Scientific papers 

Below is a list of my scientific (peer-reviewed) publications. I only include articles that have been accepted and are available online. Many others are undergoing peer review, so I suggest following me on social media or checking back regularly to keep up with what is happening. 


If you have any questions or ideas for new articles, don't 

hesitate to get in touch. Otherwise, enjoy.

Image by Christin Noelle
Increasing temperatures trigger shifts in activity patterns and temporal partitioning in a large carnivore guild

Rafiq, K., et al.; Ecology and Evolution; 2023

Changing activity timings is a key strategy animals can use to avoid suboptimal environmental conditions and competitors. We show that high temperatures increase temporal overlap between competing large African carnivores.

In Press
SensorDrop: A system to remotely detach individual sensors from wildlife tracking collars

Rafiq, K., et al.; Ecology and Evolution; 2023

We present an open-source system (SensorDrop) for remotely detaching individual sensors from wildlife collars. SensorDrop facilitates the retrieval of power-intensive sensors non-invasively.

Image by Random Institute
Climate change as a global amplifier of conflict

Abrahms, B..., Rafiq, K., et al.; Nature Climate Change; 2023

Global change is altering our interactions with species across systems. Compiling studies from across the planet, we present a framework on the ways human-wildlife conflict is being amplified by climate change. 

Long-term, climate-driven phenological shift in a tropical large carnivore

Abrahms, B., Rafiq, K., Jordan, N.R., et al.; PNAS; 2022

As a result of climate change, many species are shifting their timing of important life history events. We document a major climate-induced shift in reproductive time in a large carnivore: the African Wild Dog. 

Animal-borne technologies in wildlife research and conservation

Rafiq, K., Pitcher, B.J., Cornelson, K., et al; Conservation Technol. 2021

This book chapter reviews major advances in animal-borne technologies over the past three decades and discusses emerging opportunities in the field.

Image by David Clode
WildWID: An open-source active RFID system for wildlife research

Rafiq, K., Appleby, R., Edgar, J., et al.; Methods in Ecol. and Evol.; 2021

RFID tags are amongst the smallest animal-borne sensors being used in wildlife studies. We describe and provide the design files for a bespoke open-source RFID tag for researchers to build upon.  

Image by David Clode
Scent marking strategies of a solitary carnivore: boundary and road scent marking in the leopard

Rafiq, K., Jordan, N.R., Meloro, C., et al.; Animal Behaviour; 2020

Scent communication is widespread in the animal kingdom; yet little is known of leopard scent marking behaviours.  We investigate leopard scent marking across home ranges and road networks in Botswana.

Image by Gary Whyte
Spatio-temporal factors impacting encounter occurrences between leopards and African predators

Rafiq, K., Jordan, N.R., Wilson, A.M., ​et al.; Journal of Zoology; 2019

Meetings between predators can be difficult to document and study.  We used custom GPS radio-collars on leopards and other large African predators to explore some of the factors leading to encounters.

Image by Christin Noelle
Tourist photographs as a scalable framework for wildlife monitoring within protected areas 

Rafiq, K., Bryce, C., Miller, D.A.W., et al.; Current Biology; 2019

Protected areas are a cornerstone of conservation; yet many lack the resources for basic monitoring.  We show that in tourism areas, tourist photographs could be used for low-cost wildlife monitoring.

Image by Christin Noelle
OpenDropOff: An open‐source, low‐cost drop‐off unit for animal‐borne devices

Rafiq, K., Appleby, R., Edgar J.P., et al.; Methods in Ecol. and Evol.; 2019

Animal-Borne sensors are being increasingly used in wildlife research and conservation.  We introduce and provide the design files for a drop-off device for remotely removing tracking collars from animals.

Image by Christin Noelle
Do mammals have a world wide web of interspecific signals?

Apps, P.A., Rafiq, K., McNutt, J.W.; Chemical Signals in Vertebrates; 2019

There is a growing body of evidence that carnivores use scent marks to communicate with other species.  We investigate and discuss between species communication using examples from northern Botswana.

Image by Christin Noelle
Movement patterns and athletic performance of leopards in the Okavango Delta

Hubel, T.Y., Golabek., K.A., Rafiq, K., et al.; Proc. R. Soc. B.; 2018

Despite being the most widespread of all big cats, relatively little was known of leopard movement and athletic performance.  We investigate the movement and athleticism of leopards in northern Botswana. 

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Camera trap records of groups of ten and eleven honey badgers Mellivora capensis in northern Botswana,

Apps, P.A., Rafiq, K., McNutt, J.W.; Small Carnivore Conservation; 2018

Honey badgers are wide ranging mustelids that are typically solitary and sometimes seen in pairs or trios.  We present observations of groups of > ten honey badgers travelling together in northern Botswana.

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